DIY

How to Replace a Faulty Crankshaft Position Sensor

Reading Time: 4 minutes

The last thing you need on a summer road trip is your car suddenly stalling in the middle of the highway with the baking-hot sun scorching everything in its path. The “Check Engine” light should turn on when this happens but it’s going to be too late to fix anything under the hood at this point. If it’s the crankshaft position sensor that has problems, these should have been addressed way before you started planning your summer vacation.

In this article, we’ll tell you everything you need to know about the crankshaft position sensor, including symptoms to look out for and how to replace this component if you want to take a stab at DIY repair.

Your car could stall or fail to start if you have a bad crankshaft position sensor.

The Crankshaft Position Sensor

So what is a crankshaft position sensor and what does it do?

The crankshaft position sensor (CKP) is a device in most modern automobiles that registers the rotational speed and position of the crankshaft, and sends that data to the engine control unit (ECU), so it can regulate engine processes like ignition and fuel injection according to operating conditions.

Basically, what this means is that the engine will not perform efficiently or will not work at all if the crankshaft sensor is faulty. The following are signs of a bad crankshaft sensor to look out for:

Excess heat in the engine can melt the plastic covering the crankshaft sensor.

What Causes a Crankshaft Position Sensor to Go Bad?

DIY Guide to Replacing the Crankshaft Position Sensor

It’s always best to leave complex repair jobs to a professional mechanic but if you want to take a stab at replacing the crankshaft sensor yourself, here’s a step-by-step guide you can follow:

Step 1: Before anything else, make sure to disconnect your car battery to avoid damaging your car’s electronic panel.

Step 2: Refer to your owner’s manual to find the crankshaft position sensor’s location. The position varies depending on a vehicle’s year, make, and model, so refer to your manual to locate it quickly.

Step 3: To remove the crankshaft sensor, disconnect the wire harness. Take note of the wiring’s position (you can probably take a picture using your phone) because you’ll need to reattach it in the exact, same order when you install the new sensor.

Next, remove the bolt using a socket wrench, then proceed to replace the faulty sensor with the new one. This process should be as simple as placing the replacement sensor in the same slot. Note that you’ll also need a new O-ring because you can’t use the old one anymore.

Step 4: As mentioned, reattach the wiring harness in the exact, same order. The unit should lock into place, but if doesn’t, you can manually adjust it using a paper spacer.

Step 5: Finally, reconnect your battery.

Engine problems should be diagnosed immediately the first time you notice symptoms. Don’t delay because even simple issues could end up being critical ones that could cost you a lot of money and a ton of headache if they are left unaddressed.

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CarParts.com

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In the Garage with CarParts.com is an online blog dedicated to bringing DIYers and devoted car enthusiasts up to date with topical automotive news and lifestyle content. Our writers live and breathe automotive, taking the guess work out of car repairs with how-to content that helps owners get back on the road and keep driving.

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