Regularly check for brake shoe wear. Replace faded brake shoes immediately for a safe drive.
In a perfect world, your ride's Brake Shoes can be compared to a loyal servant that you can depend on anytime. In reality, however, a loyal servant is rare these days. Meanwhile, driving on jagged highways, bumpy city streets, and unfamiliar off-road trails day in and day out can take their toll on the shoes. With that being said, it's imperative that you take good care of these brake parts so that you can stop or slow down when needed. However, if you don't have any choice but to look for a replacement, make sure that you buy from a trusted online store.
Basically, Brake Shoes are crucial components of a braking system composed of drum brakes. They carry a material called brake lining that is pressed against the drum when the brake is applied. The friction created between the lining and the drum enables your vehicle to stop while the heat is lost through friction.
You don't have to be in a perfect world to find excellent brake parts. The truth is, you can choose from many online parts and accessories stores out there. But you must always look for a store that offers affordable and high-quality car products, and a delivery system that won't make you wait forever.
Brake Shoe Set Buyer's Guide
- Brake shoes are perhaps the most important part of a drum brake system. Before they get worn out and stop working properly, replace them with a new brake shoe set.
- Drum brakes can fall into one of three types: Leading/trailing shoe systems, twin leading shoe systems, or duo-servo systems.
- Symptoms of bad or failing brakes include strange noises while engaging, brake pedals that sit lower than usual, grabby or harder sensation, parking brake that cannot hold, and brakes that don’t work as effectively.
- A brake shoe set can go for anywhere between $13 and $199. You can choose from a 2-wheel set, a 4-wheel set, and a brake replacement kit that contains brake shoes. Look for brake shoe sets designed to replace the old, worn sets on your vehicle. You must also have to either resurface or replace the brake drum. If your car uses a duo-servo drum brake system, remember to install the front and rear brake shoes in the right positions.
Brake shoes are perhaps the most important part of a drum brake system. They do the hot and hard work of stopping the brake drum and connected wheel from spinning. Old or damaged shoes will produce less braking power and cannot stop your car fast enough to ensure your safety on the road. Before that happens, replace the worn parts with a new brake shoe set.
How do brake shoes work?
Brakes stop a car by turning the kinetic energy propelling the wheels into heat. Deprived of energy, the wheels stop spinning, and the vehicle comes to a halt.
A drum brake achieves this by pushing brake shoes against the inside of the brake drums. The material that comprises the brake pad on the shoe generates the necessary friction when the shoes rub against the drum’s surface.
Classifying drum brakes by their brake shoe system
While drum brakes got their name from the brake drums that rotate with the wheels, they get classified according to the way they apply the brake shoes. There are three systems with strengths and weaknesses.
Leading/trailing shoe system
Also known as a “single leading shoe system,” it is the most common drum brake type. It features a single wheel cylinder with two pistons. One piston runs the front brake shoe while the other runs the rear brake shoe. Both shoes anchor to the backing plate’s bottom.
When the driver activates the brakes, the pistons push their attached brake shoes into the drum brake. Depending on the direction of the brake drum and wheel turn, one shoe becomes the leading shoe while the other one acts as the trailing shoe. The leading shoe produces more braking power than the trailing shoe to overcome the greater momentum in that direction.
Twin leading shoe system
Once the most popular drum brake type, the twin leading shoe system can stop a car’s forward movement almost immediately. However, it doesn’t work as well in stopping a vehicle from going in reverse. Eventually, it got superseded by the leading/trailing shoe system.
Nowadays, the twin leading shoe system appears on motorcycles. Since these vehicles rarely run in reverse, the system’s drawback doesn’t hamper it much.
It uses the same wheel cylinder and two pistons as the leading/trailing shoe system. Instead of securing the shoes to the bottom of the backing plate, a duo-servo system uses a floating link and an anchor pin at the plate’s top over the cylinder.
This arrangement lets the brake shoes move in the same direction as the brake drum and wheel. Meanwhile, the anchor pin prevents the shoes from rotating toward the wheel.
Because of the way this system works, the rear brake shoe produces more braking power than the front shoe. To handle the increased stress, the rear shoe either features thicker brake lining or uses a material with a higher friction coefficient.
When should you get a new brake shoe set?
Brake shoes are crucial to drum brakes. Without working shoes, the brakes won’t engage and the car will keep moving, possibly leading to a collision or accident.
Bad or failing shoes often display warning signs that they approach the end of their useful service life. Consider getting a new brake shoe set if you experience:
- The brakes produce unnatural noises while engaging the brake shoes. Contaminated or worn friction material can make loud squeaks or squeals while their slippery surfaces rub against the brake drum’s inner surface. A worn brake shoe can also issue a grinding noise.
- The brake pedal sits lower than usual. Since a worn brake shoe is thinner than a fresh one, it covers a larger distance to reach the brake drum. This symptom also shows up during other issues, such as a bad ABS actuator or master cylinder.
- The brake pedal gives off a grabby sensation or feels harder than usual. Dirty shoe linings can cause this problem.
- The parking brake cannot hold. A drum brake type, parking brakes also use brake shoes to stop the car. If the brake linings of its shoes have worn out or gotten misaligned, a parking brake won’t work properly.
- The brakes don’t stop the car as effectively as before. Brake shoes produce less friction as their brake lining wears out. The smoother and more worn the lining, the less stopping power the shoes apply on the wheels, which correlates to a higher chance of brake slippage.
Replace the brake shoes before their brake pad wears away to the point of exposing the shoe itself. If it comes into direct contact with the brake drum, the exposed shoe can damage itself and the drum.
How much does a brake shoe set cost?
Many factors determine the price of a replacement part, such as the vehicle’s make and model, the brand, and the number of units in the set. The price range for a brake shoe set goes from around $13 to around $200. You can choose from a 2-wheel set, a 4-wheel set, and a brake replacement kit that contains brake shoes.
Selecting a replacement brake shoe set
Look for brake shoe sets designed and intended to replace the old, worn sets on your vehicle. If you order from our store, you can enter your ride’s year, make, and vehicle number in the site’s filter bar to find a guaranteed fit.
Replacing the brake shoes will also require you to either resurface or replace the brake drum. If the drum’s inner diameter has gotten thinner from its repeated contact with the brake pads, it will need replacement.
Keep in mind that most modern vehicles are equipped with drum brakes on their rear wheels. High-end cars disposed of the older brake type and feature expensive disk brakes on all four wheels. In contrast, older vehicles equip each wheel with drum brakes.
If your car uses a duo-servo drum brake system, remember to install the front and rear brake shoes in the right positions. If you mistakenly mount the front shoes at the rear of the backing plate, they will experience uneven wear and operate less efficiently.
The Automobile Basics: Brake Shoe Set
What's a brake shoe set you ask? Well, it's only the kit that will help you restore your braking system's lost power! Ever since your brake shoe waved the white flag of surrender and started voicing its protest in form of high-pitched squealing each time you braked heavily, your braking system hasn't been the same. Without a proper brake shoe to create friction with your brake drum, your ride has been going forward and ignoring your command to slow down and come to a complete stop. By getting your ride a new brake shoe set, you can wave goodbye to your car's shuddering stops and the foul odor emitted by your burnt-down brake shoes. Replacing worn brake shoes is also the best way to keep your driving safety at its maximum. That way, you wouldn't be putting your life and the lives of your passengers at risk each time you take your ride out for a spin. Now-driving safety? That's definitely something worth having and protecting. So if your brake shoes are worn down to the point of surrender-you know what to do. Do away with your old shoes and replace your worn brake shoes with a dependable brake shoe set. When getting a new set of brake shoes, we recommend using your owner's manual to find a replacement set that's compatible with your ride.
Important Facts You Need to Know About Brake Shoe Set
Your vehicle's safety on the road greatly depends on its ability to stop. For reliable braking, each component in the braking system, including the brake shoe set, must be in good shape. Bearing the brake lining, the brake shoe plays an important role in braking. Once the brakes are activated, the shoe moves and presses the brake lining against the drum brake. The resulting friction between the lining and the drum allows your vehicle to slow down and eventually stop. Although your vehicle's brake shoes are usually reliable and effective, time and age will take a toll on these parts. Since the brake shoe is a crucial safety device, a replacement brake shoe set must be installed once the stock brake shoes become damaged. CarParts.com offers premium brake shoe sets perfect for your vehicle. Check out our catalogs today!
• Ensures proper brake functions
• Produced by the industry's topnotch makers of brake components
• Installs easy and usually lasts longer
Choosing the Right Brake Shoe Set to Buy
You're clearly the smart kind of shopper if you're reading this guide-safety is too precious a thing to leave to chance. A brake shoe set is a deeply integral component of brakes in most modern cars and are most responsible for bringing your vehicle to a stop when you engage the brakes. In this guide you will find all the information you need to get a good set for your ride.
There are two kinds of braking systems out there: drum and disc brakes. They function exactly the same way, in principle. The difference that is important for you to know right now is that you will only need a brake shoe if your ride runs on drum brakes. You can tell that easily because calipers on a disc system are far larger and bulkier. Brake shoes are slender and semi-circular.
Does one size fit all?
"Yes and no" is the unfortunately confusing answer. You see, these are fairly standard in size-that much is true. The problem lies in the specific attachment points-the variation is very slight with an odd screw and bolt out of place, but significant enough to warrant careful research. If possible, consult the manual for your vehicle or for the currently installed brake shoe.
Chances are good that it will have an 8-digit OE number. If you find that out, it's a simple matter of refining your search to brake shoes that are specific to that number!
Performance or replacement?
The difference between high-end performance brake shoes and those more affordable replacements can run between $20-30, so it's an important question to ask. Well, it all boils down to what kind of performance do you need? If you're a die-hard, rough-and-tumble racer then, by all means, go for the performance sets. If you honestly just want brake shoes that get you through the day, there is simply no way to justify spending too much when a replacement is more than adequate.
Changing Out Those Worn-Out Brake Shoes
Brakes are life in an automobile and, with the central role they play, so are brake shoes. With a couple of tools, a little patience, and this guide, you can do what you will normally spend a lot on-replace the brake shoes on your vehicle.
Let's get to it.
Difficulty level: Moderate
Stuff you will need:
- Your vehicle's owner's manual
- Replacement brake shoe set
- Replacement shoe hardware-return springs, hold-down springs and pins
- Jack stands
- Lug nut wrench
- Cleaning spray
- Pry bar
- Brake spoon
- Brake shoe pliers
- Penetrating spray [optional]
- Drum micrometer [optional]
Step 1: Disengage the negative terminal of the battery, and let the vehicle to sit for at least half an hour before starting work.
Step 2: Lift the rear end of your vehicle carefully, and position the jack stands in a secure position.
Step 3: Using the lug nut wrench, loosen and remove the lug nuts and then the wheel.
Step 4: Remove the drum slowly.
*Note* Depending on your vehicle, the drum may be attached in different ways. Here is where your vehicle's manual comes in handy-always refer to it. If any part is rusted over, apply some penetrating spray!
Step 5: Take time to look over the drum for damage-surface cracks, scoring, unevenness.
*Note* Make a mental note of the method of attachment for the brake shoe that you are currently replacing to make it easier to do the same procedure of the other side.
Step 6: Carefully remove the hold-down spring on the secondary shoe-commonly the smaller of the two-you might need to hold down the parking brake actuator to do so.
Step 7: Firmly press the hold-down pin flush against the backing plate, and place the brake shoe retaining spring tool onto the spring's face and turn.
Step 8: Remove the return springs with the brake shoe pliers.
*Note* Normally, you will find three: two up top and one at the bottom-always refer to the manual for the specifics for your vehicle.
*Note 2* If your vehicles has a self-adjuster cable, remove that too!
Step 9: Now remove the hold-down spring on the primary shoe this time, repeating the steps from 6-8.
Step 10: Remove the brake shoes themselves.
Step 11: When you confirm that the replacements are a match, install the new pair of brake shoes-reversing the steps and reattaching all that you have taken out.
Step 12: Reassemble the rear brakes by reversing the relevant steps as well. If you can, replace the old return springs and hold-down springs and pins with new ones to maximize service life.
Step 13: Lower the car once the wheels are reattached, reconnect the battery, and take your vehicle for a slow drive to test things out.
Safety tip: Always use the minimum in safety gear-goggles for the eyes, gloves for the hands, and closed-toed shoes for the feet.