Every driver, even the best, is at risk of being involved in a road accident. That is why your vehicle is equipped with reliable protective parts like the bumper. The bumper is your vehicle's first line of defense against front and rear collisions. If you want added protection, though, you can back up the bumper with a bumper absorber. Made of Styrofoam or durable plastic, this bumper accessory is mounted between the bumper and the bumper cover. The bumper absorber takes and dissipates most minor collision impact. Although this product doesn't guarantee total protection against collisions, it can help the bumper significantly reduce the severity of potential damage. Interested in this product? You are now at the right store-Carparts. We offer topnotch bumper absorbers and other bumper accessories at the right price. Check us out!
• Made from durable plastic or Styrofoam for strength
• Increases the reliability of a stock bumper
• Easy to install, no drilling required
Bumper Absorber Buyer's Guide
- A bumper absorber dampens and redistributes force to minimize the effects of a collision on the vehicle and its passengers.
- These dampers are designed to compress when it is hit by kinetic force. As this process happens, the force slows down and the energy from the hit dissipates.
- Bumper absorbers are typically made of thermoplastics which are resistant to heat, chemical, and impact resistant.
- OEM replacement parts cost anywhere between $30 and $1,100. These are sold individually, in sets of 2, or as part of a bumper kit.
- Replacing a damaged bumper absorber helps prolong the life of your car’s bumper, prevents critical road injuries, and protects internal car components from damage.
Since it became a permanent feature of automobiles in the 1920s, bumpers have only gotten better at minimizing vehicle damage while keeping the engine and passenger compartments intact. One of the most significant innovations for road safety is the installation of bumper absorbers in every vehicle. Let’s take a closer look at how bumper absorbers work and this car part helps save lives every day.
What is a bumper absorber?
A bumper absorber is an energy damper that is part of a vehicle’s collision safety system. It is located underneath the bumper cover and sits on top of the reinforcement bar. This part is meant to absorb and redistribute forces to minimize the effects of a collision on the vehicle and its passengers.
How does a bumper absorber work?
Modern bumper absorbers are thermoplastic dampers strategically located in the vehicle’s crumple zone. This zone is made up of the exterior components of a car which are made from less rigid materials. During a collision, these parts absorb the initial impact which causes it to bend and crumple.
Bumper absorbers are designed to compress when hit by kinetic force. As this happens, the majority of the force is spent on bending these exterior parts, allowing the energy from the hit to dissipate. If all components of the bumper are functioning properly, the damage will only be limited to the exterior of the vehicle.
When another vehicle or object hits your car, the bumper cover bends and the absorber beneath it collapses. In low-speed collisions, the bumper cover and absorber may flex back into place, leaving you free from injury and your car only requiring minor repairs. In high-speed collisions, the bumper absorber cannot completely dampen the force. However, it can help reduce and redistribute the impact on the reinforcement bar.
What are the bumper absorbers made of?
Bumper absorbers are typically made of thermoplastics. These high-performance plastics are heat, chemical, and impact resistant. Some are designed as solid foam pieces while others feature a honeycomb or cellular designs that allow it to compress and bounce back.
How much is a replacement bumper absorber?
The cost of a replacement bumper absorber varies depending on your car’s year, model, and make. OEM replacement parts cost anywhere between $30 and $1,100. These are sold individually, in sets of 2, or as part of a bumper kit. Some bumper absorbers may require adjustment for a snug fit. While it is possible to install these on your own, we recommend going to a trusted mechanic for secure and proper fitting.
Why is it important to replace a damaged bumper absorber?
Car manufacturers have come a long way in designing bumper absorbers that help minimize vehicle damage while prioritizing passenger safety during collisions. Ideally, bumper energy absorbers must be replaced every time the bumper is hit in a collision. Here are some of the reasons why you shouldn’t think twice about getting this part checked and replaced.
Maximize the life of your bumper
The bumper absorber adds strength to the bumper cover. Made from polypropylene foam or thermoplastic, these are specifically made to be highly durable and impact resistant. The bumper absorber also helps by fill in hollow gaps underneath the bumper cover that could easily crumple.
Prevent serious damage and critical injury
Without a functioning bumper absorber, the bumper cover and reinforcement bars are left to absorb full impact on their own. This increases the risk of the force transferring to the vehicle frame, causing it to get bent or misaligned. This could also result in serious injury to the vehicle’s passengers.
Protect what’s under the hood
Your car’s bumper kit works to ensure that both passengers and important engine components remain safe during a collision. Engine damage can cost you a pretty penny in repairs and put your daily driver out of commission for weeks. It’s better to invest in high-quality bumper absorbers than pay for costly repairs or worse, go through the trouble of replacing a totaled car.
How to Install a Front Bumper Absorber
Many people take the bumper absorber for granted, but this piece of dense Styrofoam or plastic does a great job in protecting your vehicle from low-impact crashes. On top of that, your bumper absorber also allows you to save on bumper repairs by helping to keep the shape of your bumper cover. To avoid unnecessary damage from a minor parking lot incident, make sure to replace your damaged bumper absorber with a new one.
Required skill level: Intermediate
Needed tools and materials
- Screwdriver set
- Wrench and socket set
- Floor jack
- Heavy-duty rivet gun (optional)
Preparing your vehicle
Disconnect any wires that might be connected to the front lights of your vehicle including those for the turn signals and the fog lights. Take out all the components on the front bumper including all the lights, the license plate, and the bumper trim.
Removing the front bumper cover
Place the floor jack beneath the bumper cover to support its weight. This will keep the bumper cover from accidentally falling off and getting damaged. Take out the screws that hold the fender liners to gain access to the bumper cover bolts. Remove the lower and upper mounting bolts and the clips that hold the bumper cover before carefully lowering the bumper cover.
Taking out the old bumper absorber
Pull the center of the bumper absorber to remove it from your vehicle. If the bumper absorber was secured with rivets, you will have to drill them out first or snap the rivet heads off.
Installing the bumper absorber
Carefully line the new bumper absorber along the location of the old one. Make sure that it is properly aligned to avoid having problems with fitting your bumper cover afterwards. For added measure, lock it in place using the heavy-duty rivet gun and some replacement aluminum rivets.
Putting the front bumper back together
Follow the reverse procedure of the bumper cover removal to reinstall the bumper cover.
Tips and warnings
- Apply some tape to the corners of the bumper cover, the front edges of the hood, and other nearby body panels to prevent your vehicle's paint from being damaged.
Bumper Absorber: Two Things to Consider When Buying One
Did you know that the bumper is not only made up of the outer cover that you usually see? In fact, it is made up of several parts such as the support brace rods, guards, and brackets. However, if there's one component that shouldn't be overlooked, it's the bumper absorber. Usually made from flexible materials, this part supports the outer cover and flexes inward in times of collisions. So, once it gets damaged, it has to be replaced immediately. Though doing the necessary repairs is easy, buying the replacement part isn't. To help you with this task, we made a list of the things that you should consider so you won't end up with a low-quality bumper absorber.
If you'll browse a car parts catalog, you'll notice that bumper absorbers are manufactured from different materials. Though they are all designed to dampen impact, these materials are still different from each other. Listed below are some of the materials used in bumper absorber manufacturing these days.
- Foam: This material is the most commonly used material when it comes to making bumper absorbers, so they're very easy to find. However, because foam is softer than other materials, it doesn't deflect energy caused by impacts very well.
- Aluminum: If you're looking for something that won't weigh your ride down, then buying bumper absorbers that are made from aluminum is the perfect choice for you. Unfortunately, because this material is difficult to weld and fabricate, the price of aluminum absorbers tends to be on the steep side.
- Plastic: Another material used in making bumper absorbers is plastic. Though they're not as cheap as other materials, plastic absorbers do well in terms of dampening impact. However, they tend to crack over time due to wear and tear.
Despite what other people say, warranty is very important because it can help you save money in the long run. Nowadays, car parts manufacturers offer a variety of warranty plans. However, if you won't choose a brand that offers one, you won't be able to return your bumper absorber in case you notice some workmanship or material defects. To avoid sudden repairs and replacements, always make sure that your purchase comes with an affordable yet reasonable warranty plan.
Bumper Absorber: How to Replace One in Seven Steps
In case you're wondering, your vehicle's bumper is not only made up of the outer cover that you usually see. In fact, it's made up of several components such as the bumper guards, shocks, and brackets. But if there's one component that is very important, it's the bumper absorber. This part is usually made from high-quality foam or plastic and serves as dampeners in times of collisions. Because of its design, the bumper absorber allows your vehicle's bumper frame and cover to flex with minimal damage. However, just like other car parts, this absorber eventually gets damaged. Once your car's bumper absorber is damaged, you won't receive optimum protection in case of an accident. Fortunately, replacing this part can be done at home. This guide will show you how you can do it with the help of a few tools.
Difficulty level: Difficult
What you'll need:
- Replacement bumper absorbers
- Wear safety gloves and goggles when replacing the bumper absorber to avoid cuts and prevent foam from getting into your eyes.
- Make sure that the bumper absorber you bought is suitable for your car's make and model.
Step 1: Park your car on level ground. This will ensure that your vehicle won't suddenly move while you're repairing it.
Step 2: Pop the hood. Then, locate the screws at the top of the grille. Once you found them, unscrew them to loosen the front bumper.
Step 3: After removing the screws, use the screwdriver again to pop the black clips underneath or along the edge of the bumper cover. Then, carefully pull the cover away from the vehicle.
Step 4: Once the cover is removed, you will see a white foam or pad that is shaped like your bumper. This is the bumper absorber. To remove this, just pull it from the center carefully.
Step 5: Get the replacement bumper absorber. Then, install it by carefully pushing its center. Make sure that you pushed it enough so it won't accidentally fall off.
Step 6: Put the front bumper cover back in place. If some of the bumper clips have been damaged, you need to replace them.
Step 7: Do all these steps again if you need to replace the rear bumper absorber. Once you're done with both absorbers, test drive your car for a few miles to make sure that they won't accidentally fall off.