How to Install a Power Steering Cylinder Replacement
Have you been having problems turning your wheel when driving? If lately you've been experiencing tough turns or complete steering lock up, then your vehicle might be suffering from power steering problems. Power steering helps you steer your vehicle by augmenting steering effort of the steering wheel. One of its most important components is the power steering cylinder, which applies force that steers the road wheels. When this part wears out, it is important to fix or replace it immediately to ensure that you can drive and steer again with ease. You can replace it on your own, at the comfort of your garage.
Difficulty level: Moderate
What you'll need:
- Snap-ring pliers
- Protective eyewear
- Flat-tipped screwdriver
- Ice pick
- Air blower
- Small brush
Step 1: Remove the power steering from your vehicle, and drain the steering fluid. You can do this by holding the cylinder with the ball stud upwards, and then push and pull on the shaft. Make sure to dispose the steering fluid properly. You may also check the chrome if it is already worn out on the shaft area.
Step 2: Hold the cylinder in a bench vise using a snap-ring pliers and a small, flat-tipped screwdriver. Remove the snap ring, and put it aside. Make sure to wear eye protection.
Step 3: Remove the cylinder from the vise, as well as the copper washer. You can do this by knocking the shaft on the anvil of the vise.
Step 4: Use an ice pick to pull the leather wiper upwards, and then pull the leather wiper off the shaft. Dispose it immediately. Be careful not to damage the shaft and the inner side of the seal area of the cylinder head.
Step 5: Use an air blower with a rubber tip to push down on the port. Cover the opposite port with a rag to keep any oil or debris from flying out. Apply some air to pop out the rubber seal. Discard the seal. Inspect the seal area for any scratches, which can cause the cylinder to leak. Check the port threads as well.
Step 6: Use a small brush to coat the inside area with power steering fluid. Add some axle grease under the side of the rubber seal. This helps keep the garter spring from popping out.
Step 7: Install the seal. Make sure that the garter spring is intact. Use a piece of pipe and a hammer to knock the seal in place. Just one tap is okay.
Step 8: Slide the seal back-up washer on the shaft, and let it drop down inside. Slide the leather wiper seal over the shaft. Use the piece of pipe again to set the leather seal into place.
Step 9: Drop the copper washer over the shaft with the ridged side up. Use your snap-ring pliers to install the snap ring into its groove.
Step 10: Install the shaft end bushings and hardware. Coat the smaller inside edge of the ball stud boot with power steering fluid. Slide the ball stud boot over the ball stud, and push it down firmly. Install your new slotted nut onto the ball stud.
Voila! Your new power steering cylinder is now installed. You can finish this in an hour or two, with the help of an assistant.