Power Steering Pump Repair Kit: Keys to Getting the Kit that Fits
This is a no ordinary shopper's guide for a no ordinary auto part that you intend to buy. Why? Because there are so many things to consider when buying a repair kit to fix your car's power steering pump. Unlike a part that is sold individually, a kit may contain several parts. As a DIYer, it is your job to know how to use each part and to tell which one of the kits in the market is the one that can fix your car's problem. If you want to know useful tips and keys to finding the best repair kit, read on:
The power steering pump type
Determining the type of power steering pump in your car is the first thing to do. Here are the three types and some of the key pints to remember:
- Vane power steering pump- This is the most common type of power steering pump. This type is recognizable by the vanes mounted in the rotor. It is contained inside an oval or elliptical-shape housing. This is common among BMW, Ford, and GM car models. For repair kits, make sure that replacement vanes are included in case you need to change some. Choose vanes that are made from carbon, metal, or Kevlar because they are very durable.
- Roller power steering pump- This type is commonly used in SUVs and commercial trucks and vehicles. Instead of vanes, rollers or balls are mounted in the rotor. The pump housing's shape is also elliptical so choose a kit with round washers and gaskets. Also, ballers or bearings should be inside the kit in case you need to change the old ones.
- Slipper power steering pump- This type uses springs and slippers to generate pressure inside the pump. The kits should include the springs and the scrubber-type slippers. The gaskets and seals should be round in shape to fit the circular pump.
The repair cost
The next key point is all about money. Decide whether repair or replacement can help you save some bucks. In some cases, the problem can be fixed by the repair kits. The price range of these kits is from $15 to $40 depending on the brand. Well, if you want to buy a new power steering pump, prepare $50 to $150. Those are the usual prices of these auto parts in the market as of this day. Clearly, replacement is more expensive. The key here is to choose whatever suits your budget.
You have to know the parts that are included in a steering pump repair kit so you can compare kits from different suppliers and retailers. A typical repair kit has:
- Rollers, slippers, vanes (depending on the type)
Prepare and use a checklist of the important parts so you won't miss a thing.
Fixing Power Steering Fluid Leaks Using a Repair Kit
One of the most common problems that a car owner encounters is fluid leaks especially in the power steering pressure system. The common causes are old and worn-out gaskets and seals and damaged hoses. Good thing, power steering pump repair kits are available even in the nearest auto parts store from your home. This helps you save a few bucks from costly replacements. If fixing the car seems urgent, this is also a great option because you can do it yourself instead of waiting in line in an auto service facility.
All you need to do is buy the right repair kit for your car and read these instructions:
Difficulty level: Moderate
Tools you'll need:
- Power steering pump repair kit which includes gasket sealants and hoses
- Flare nut wrench
- Flash light
- Stop leak additive
Changing gasket sealants:
Step 1: Observe where the leak is coming from. Use a flash light and mirror to check leaks in the power steering system located under the car.
Step 2: If your car is a bit old, leaks could be coming from the seals that shrunk over time. Stop leak additive is usually mixed to the power steering fluid to help the seals swell and go back to their original size.
Step 3: If the problem still persists, replace the gasket sealant. Take out the old gasket and put a new one. Make sure to get the right size.
Changing the pressure hose:
Step 1: If the leak is coming from damaged hose, replace it immediately. Loosen the hose by spraying oil on the ends of the hose especially on the bolts that fasten it to the power steering system. Take the bolts out using a flare wrench.
Step 2: Drain the fluid out of the system. Place a pan under the hose to catch the old fluid.
Step 3: Take the hose from your power steering pump repair kit and replace the old one. Use the flare wrench again to secure the bolts back in place.
Step 4: Refill the container with new power steering fluid. Start the car after you're done and check if there are still leaks.
It's that convenient! Problem solved in a matter of minutes. Good luck.