Choosing the Right Ring and Pinion Bearing Kit
What is a ring and pinion bearing kit?
The ring and pinion bearing kit is a set of rings, and a club-like pinion located under the driveshaft. The components of the ring and pinion bearing kit are special toothed rings, and notched pinions that drag each other for a rotational motion. These special tooth-like notches are accurately designed to exert the right amount of torque. The slightest change from its optimal position can cause steering issues among other possible damages.
How does a ring and pinion bearing kit work?
The task of the ring and pinion bearing kit is to translate the steering motion exerted by the driver into actual wheel movement. This is done by transferring torque to the axles from the driveshaft through the complex rotations of the rings and the pinion. The set of rings and bearings function by accurately rendering the right amount of torque, and transferring it to the wheel and axle. In order to move the wheels left or right, the rings and pinion must be precisely placed to exert accurate torque power.
Why replace a broken ring and pinion bearing kit?
Once the ring and pinion bearing kit becomes dislodged, or misplaced, steering can become a problem. If the ring and pinion bearing kit is broken or dislodged, the wheels won't budge no matter how much you try to steer it. Additionally, because of the small size of the rings, dislodged ring and pinion bearing kit components can easily pass through the engine compartment, and can cause potential damage to some parts of the engine.
What to expect from a ring and pinion bearing kit?
Ring and pinion bearing kits should be resistant to heat as the constant rotation endured by the ring and pinion can easily wear out fragile materials. When purchasing a new ring and pinion bearing kit, make sure to look for polymer-based composites or carbon fiber materials to avoid damage inflicted by the daily wear and tear.
Ring and Pinion Bearing Kit Installation in 7 Steps
The ring and pinion bearing kit transfers the rotational motion coming from the engine driveshaft towards the
rear axle assembly making the car wheels move as you steer. Broken ring and pinion kits can lead to transmission
problems, and potential damage to other parts within the engine compartment. Unless you want additional repair costs
in the long run, replace your ring and pinion bearing kit immediately. Of course, replacing the ring and pinion
bearing kit isn’t easy, but here’s just what you need to guide you on replacing your broken ring and pinion bearing
Difficulty Level: Difficult
Tools you’ll need:
- Floor jack
- Jack stands
- Lug wrench
- Needle nose
- 1/2-inch air gun
- Air compressor
- Gear oil
- Drain pan
1: Raise the rear end of your car using jack stands, and floor jacks on the axle for better clearance. Use
the lug wrench to take out the lugs off from the wheels. Once the rear tires are removed, take the brake drum away
from the rear brakes, and put a drain pan beneath the transmission rear tail housing.
Pull the driveshaft from the transmission tail housing by first removing the nuts on the U-bolts. The U-bolts can be
located in the universal join between the driveshaft and the pinion yoke.
Step 3:Remove the
large pinion nut in the middle of the pinion yoke by using an air gun and socket. Detach the pinion yoke out of the
pinion shaft, and place the drain pan under the rear differential. Use a socket to unhinge all of the 13 mm bolts
securing the differential cover. Let the gear oil drain onto the pan.
Step 4:Carefully turn
the differential carrier off, but make sure to avoid hitting the case. Gently remove the pin bolt using a ¼-inch
wrench as the pin holds the spider gears in place, without the pin holding it together, the gears can fall
Step 5: Push the axle hubs inward until the C-clips are exposed. Remove the C-clips
using a pair of needle nose pliers. Afterwards, pull the axles halfway from the carrier.
6: Loosely insert the holding pin after the carrier pin has been settled back to secure the spider gears in
place. Once the carrier pin has been reinstalled, you can now rotate the carrier to position the clamps on a more
visible area. Remove the bolts tucked in the carrier clamps with an air gun and socket.
7: Ask assistance from a professional mechanic to remove the bearings for you. Let the professional
calibrate the ring and pinion differential according to your car’s specifications. Clean the carrier as well as the
carrier clamps before reinstalling them onto the driveshaft.
Step 8: Reinstall the C-clamps
back to the axle hubs. Mount the wheels back to the rear axles, remove the jack stands, and go for a test drive.