Quick Ways to Replace a Worn-Out Vapor Canister Filter
Your car's vapor canister filter basically helps catch the fuel vapors from the gas tank through a series of hoses, effectively reducing the harmful toxic emissions released by the exhaust system. A damaged filter may cause the entire canister to fail. The toxic fuel vapor coming out of a failing vapor canister not only contributes to air pollution but also causes fatal accidents. You should replace the vapor canister filter as soon as you can. The good news is you don't have to be an expert mechanic to do this as a DIY task. Simply conduct the following steps:
Difficulty level: Moderate
Tools that you will need:
- Floor jack
- Jack stands
- Ratchet and socket set
- Wheel chocks
- Owner's manual
- Replacement vapor canister filter
Step 1: Park your vehicle at a place where the floor surface is flat and even. Since you'll be raising your car later on jack stands, you need to make sure that it won't tether dangerously on an uneven slope.
Step 2: Survey your work area and ensure that there are no flammable objects around you. You'll be working on the fuel system of your car, which means that only the slightest spark may cause the fumes to ignite and cause a fire.
Step 3: Release the pressure from the fuel system. This is an extremely important step which may lead to accidents, and even death, if not properly conducted. Doing this procedure ensures that the fuel won't spew out at a high pressure while you're working with the fuel system of your vehicle.
Step 4: Using the floor jack, slowly lift the rear part of your car until there's enough room for you crawl under. Place the jack stands underneath the frame for support. You should also put the wheel chocks under the tires to keep the car from moving.
Step 5: Find the vapor canister on your car. Since its location may vary for every vehicle, it's recommended that you consult your owner's manual to easily see where it's mounted. In most cases, the vapor canister is found just around the fuel tank.
Step 6: Once you've successfully located the vapor canister, unplug the hoses that are used to connect it to the fuel tank. You may need to use pliers to remove the clamps that are holding it in place.
Step 7: After getting the hoses out of the way, you should now unfasten the bolts that are securing the vapor canister to the fuel system. Use a wrench for this procedure.
Step 8: Slide the vapor canister off your vehicle and carefully replace its worn-out filter.
Step 9: Once you've successfully put the new filter in place, bolt the canister back into its mounting location.
Step 10: Attach all the hoses that you removed earlier into the vapor canister. Make sure that you clamp them back properly.
Step 11: Lower your vehicle and start the engine. Let it run for a few minutes to see if it's now performing as it should be.
The duration of changing a vapor canister filter may range from around one to two hours. Work cautiously! Always remember that safety must always be your priority.