Toyota Wheel Hub: Repair Solutions in Easy-to-Follow Steps
The wheel hub can be badly hit. It can get damaged when struck by a road debris, when the vehicle is driven through deep potholes, or during an automobile accident. You can tell if you have a bad wheel hub if you hear that roaring noise when driving, which is coming from the bearing inside the hub. A damaged mounting plate and a play in the wheel are other hints to a faulty hub. The brake pad shouldn't make any contact with the rotor if you don't step on the brakes as you drive. If the pad seems to be touching the rotor under this circumstance, then you'll need to check your Toyota wheel hub. For the repair, you need just the right set of tools and instructions. If you do the repair on your own, you're saving hundreds of dollars.
Difficulty level: Moderate
Things you'll need:
- Socket set
- Pneumatic impact gun
- Axle socket
- Cut-off tool
- Ball joint separator
- Bearing press
Note: Backyard mechanics or DIYers don't usually have a bearing press in their kit. If you don't have one, you can just take the hub to the shop and have this pressed out.
Step 1: Remove the wheel to get access to the brakes and the hub. Loosen the mounting hardware that hold the brake caliper in place to be able to pull out the caliper. Do the same for the brake caliper bracket.
Step 2:Disconnect the brake rotor from the hub. You have to remove the pin from the axle nut to release the nut. After this, you have to undo the bolts of the upper and lower ball joints. A ball joint separator should be used for breaking loose the ball joints from the hub.
Step 3:Strike the CV axle lightly so that it falls from inside the hub. With a bearing press, separate the hub and spindle. The bearing should be cut off of the spindle. You need a special cut-off tool for this. If the spindle is damaged, replace it.
Step 4:Apply some grease or lubricant on the new bearing before you push this into the hub. After this, you have to press the spindle back into the hub. As you put back the axle into the hub assembly, the spines should be aligned.
Step 5:Re-attach the ball joints into the hub and secure them with the hardware according to proper torque. Next thing you have to do is slip in the new cotter pins into each ball joint. Re-install the axle nut using a new cotter pin.
Step 6: Re-assemble the brakes. Put the rotor back into the hub and reposition the brake caliper bracket. Do the same for the brake pads and caliper. Make sure that they're torqued properly.
Step 7:Mount the wheel back into the vehicle and secure this with the hardware.
Step 8:Test-drive the vehicle to take note of any irregularity in performance or any strange noise or unusual movements. If there's something out of the ordinary, check the installation and make the necessary adjustments.
Since you have to take apart the assembly, vehicle alignment will be necessary. As you do the repair, also check for other worn-out parts underneath the vehicle. You may have to change the ball joints, bushings, and tie rod ends as well.