If you drive a fairly modern vehicle, it might be equipped with a heated oxygen sensor (HO2) instead of a regular oxygen sensor. The former contains a heating element that brings the sensor up to operating temperature faster than the latter.
However, HO2s are not invulnerable and can trigger a host of trouble codes, including a P0155.
What is a P0155 code? Read on to learn about its possible causes, common symptoms, and everything else it entails.
What Does the P0155 Code Mean?
Diagnostic trouble code (DTC) P0155 stands for ”O2 Sensor Heater Circuit Malfunction (Bank 2, Sensor 1).” It is triggered when the vehicle’s computer or the engine control module (ECM) detects an unexpected voltage condition or excessive current draw on the heater circuit of your vehicle’s Bank 2 HO2.
Oxygen sensors monitor the oxygen levels in the air that’s going in and out of the catalytic converter. They relay that data to the car’s computer or powertrain control module (PCM), which utilizes the information from the downstream O2 sensor to gauge converter efficiency. Meanwhile, the PCM uses the information from the upstream O2 sensor to adjust the engine’s air-fuel ratio.
The sensors only function properly once they’ve reached the ideal operating temperature. To raise their temperature quickly, they rely on PCM-controlled heating circuits.
Sensor 1 is the heated O2 sensor unit located upstream of the catalytic converters.
It determines if the component is breaking down the pollutants generated by the engine by monitoring the oxygen levels in the converter’s exhaust.
Typically located opposite of Bank 1, Bank 2 refers to the side of the engine that holds the number two cylinder.
To ensure that the oxygen sensors operate at the right time, the PCM tests the heater circuits regularly. If it detects an issue in the heater circuit for the engine bank 2’s oxygen sensor, it activates the Check Engine Light and sets the P0155 code.
What are the Possible Causes of the P0155 Code?
The engine code P0155 has several possible causes, which can differ depending on the vehicle’s make and model. Below are just some of the reasons why this error code may appear:
- HO2S heater power (12v) circuit is open
- HO2S heater ground circuit is open
- HO2S heater control circuit is open, shorted to voltage, or shorted to the ground
- Damaged HO2S connector
- Defective HO2S heater
- Low battery voltage condition
- Disconnected hose to the exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) system module
- Faulty PCM
What are the Common Symptoms of the P0155 Code?
With a code P0155, there’s a possibility that you won’t perceive any noticeable differences in operation. The only symptoms you are likely to experience when a P0155 code pops up are the following:
- Check engine light is on
- Decreased fuel economy
It’s also possible for you to fail an emissions test if this code is set.
How to Diagnose the P0155 Code
From an open HO2S heater ground circuit to a defective HO2S heater, many issues can trigger the P0155 code. Unless you are an automotive expert, making an accurate diagnosis can be difficult. So it’s best to let a professional handle the task.
If you want to determine what triggered the code, watch the video reference below. It will help you understand what the troubleshooting process entails.
How to Fix the P0155 Code
Despite many trouble codes sharing causes and symptoms, there is no single solution for OBD-II DTCs. The repair process varies depending on what triggered the code and the vehicle’s make and model.
For instance, confirmed fixes for the P0155 code in a Ford, specifically a 2005 Ford F-150 XL 5.4, include repairing the variable valve timing (VVT) solenoid wiring or the O2 sensor wiring. The same solution may not apply to a Chevy Trailblazer or a Jeep Grand Cherokee that triggered the code.
If you are uncertain of your automotive aptitude, leaving the job to an expert may be your best option. Otherwise, diagnose the P0155 code. Once you’ve established what triggered the code, determine the right fix with the help of online auto repair resources and guides.
Want to be prepared for any future issues that your vehicle may encounter? Secure an ALLDATA single-vehicle subscription to get comprehensive and up-to-date factory repair information.
Finally, be sure to consult your owner’s manual before attempting to resolve the issue. It’ll help you avoid accidentally worsening the problem with a solution that’s inappropriate for your vehicle’s make and model.