Effective Winter Maintenance to Keep Your Chevrolet P20 Up and Running
Aside from long drives and steep slopes, the engine will also have to work harder during the cold winter season because extremely cold temperature works against the engine's job of producing heat to power the entire vehicle. But the cold temperature will not only affect the engine but also the many vital parts of your Chevrolet P20, so you'd better be prepared for every possible problem that might come your way. To help you get started, here are some effective tips to make your Chevy winter-ready:
- Make sure ice does not hold back engine performance.
When it is cold and damp, the engine may end up with carburetor icing. This will give you hard startup as well as stalling when the engine is cold. Notice that it is also rough when it stalls and when running at low speeds. Power and acceleration will also decline. And when at high speeds, misfires and surges will occur. You'll have to check the air cleaner thermostat, and see whether it can still work to help the heat-controlled air cleaner system for better cold engine drivability. Adding isopropyl alcohol to the fuel tank will also help solve the problem.
- Give the battery extra care.
The battery is most susceptible to damage when the weather is cold. It may easily lose charge or freeze due to improper or lack of maintenance care. Charge is lost even when the battery is not connected to the engine or any device, particularly during winter. In very cold areas, battery may require 1.300 reading as full charge. Water also diminishes, but you have to take note that when adding water in freezing weather, you have to immediately run your Chevrolet P20 several miles for the water to efficiently mix with the battery acid. Otherwise, it will freeze and leave the battery totally damaged.
- Run with correct winter tires.
When it starts to snow, the road also starts to become slippery. In this event, the tires really need to have reliable traction that is made possible by ABS technology in newer vehicles. Whether your Chevrolet P20 has ABS or not, running with the right type of tires will help ensure safe driving even when snow already covers the road. There are those designed to cut through loose upper layers of snow called mud and snow tires. Also available are the metal studded tires, which can have better traction on hard-packed snow; take note, however, that they are illegal in many states. And for best traction on snow and ice, there are the snow chains.
- Don't let the cooling temperature drop too low.
It is expected that the engine will heat-up a little slower during winter, but when warming up becomes abnormally slow, your coolant may already be frozen. The coolant needs thawing to be able to flow smoothly through the cooling and engine systems. To remove the coolant and antifreeze mixture, it may need backflushing. After that, you can refill the cooling system with the correct mixture necessitated in extremely low temperatures.