How to Maintain a Problem-Free International 4900 Truck
The International 4900 truck is the perfect vehicle for farms hauling a large number of produce and livestock. While it looks very generic, you can trust this vehicle to transport your products to wherever you need. If you're a farmer who relies on this truck, then you wouldn't want to experience any problems on the road that could interrupt your delivery. Here are some tips to help you have a hassle-free drive using the International 4900.
- Inspect and change the air filter.
If your International 4900's air filter is dirty, it can cause the engine to run at less than peak efficiency and will eventually fail. The air filter serves as your truck's engine's protection device against grit and grime while driving. If the filter itself is blocked with debris, your vehicle essentially gets chocked and its air intake is restricted. You can prevent this by inspecting the air filter at least every three months or before a long-distance trip, especially if you regularly drive on dirt roads. You should also replace it every 15,000 miles or once a year, whichever comes first, even if it looks like it's still in good condition.
- Look out for external cooling system leaks.
Always check for any leaks especially ones from the external cooling system. You can determine this either with a pressure test or by simply checking the ground where your International 4900 truck was parked. External cooling system leaks are caused by component failure like hoses, water pump, radiator, engine gaskets, and freeze plugs. While checking the ground will help you find out if there's a leak or not, doing a pressure test on the radiator will help you locate the source, as these external leaks usually become evident when under high pressure. External cooling system leaks can cause your engine to overheat and the coolant to contaminate the engine oil. Keep in mind that an overheated engine is dangerous, and if your truck does begin to overheat, you need to shut it down immediately. Meanwhile, if enough quantity of the contaminating coolant reaches the cylinder, your truck's engine might get damaged.
- Tune up the engine before winter or a long trip.
If the engine of your International 4900 is not running perfectly, get it tuned up especially if winter is coming or if you're going on a trip that's at least 6 hours long. You should also diagnose and repair any problems before winter to avoid even more inconvenience caused by the cold season. A tune-up is an orderly process of inspection, diagnosis, testing, and adjustment that is periodically done to keep your truck's engine performance at its peak. On the electronic ignition system, remove the spark plugs then do a test compression in each cylinder. Clean or replace the spark plugs if necessary and gap them according to the manufacturer's specifications. You should also check the distributor cap and rotor for any signs of damage and replace them if necessary. Another task you could do is analyze your emissions for fuel economy and if your truck complies to emissions standards.