Car Repair 101: How to Change a Steering Column Bearing
Having trouble controlling your vehicle? It's probably time to replace your steering column bearing. This component helps maintain the smooth rotation of your steering system. Some signs of a bad bearing include difficulty in handling the wheel and hearing clunking noises while steering the auto. If you experience any of these symptoms, make sure you replace your bearings right away. Grab your repair kit and follow these steps.
Difficulty level: Moderate
Things you'll need:
- Socket wrench
- Steering wheel puller
- Flathead screwdriver
- Philips screwdriver
- Bearing replacement
Step 1: Start by removing your steering wheel. Take off the horn cover, make sure the wheel is straight, and disconnect the battery cable. Remove all interfering components: horn connection, plunger, horn plate, etc. until you reach the steering wheel. Take it out using the wrench to unscrew the nut.
Step 2: Remove the devices attached to the steering column: turn signals, ignition, wiper blade controls, tilt handle, plastic housing, etc. Remove the locking springs and rings attached to the column; your socket wrench will come handy in this step. Take out the shim, tilt device, and lock shoe so you can reach the bearings. Use the screwdriver or your hand to pull out the old bearings.
Step 3: Get the bearing replacement and install it in place of the old bearing. Secure it by reattaching its bolt. Follow steps in reverse; install the retainer, snap ring, black turn signal ring, and all the other components that you removed.
Step 4: Reinstall the steering wheel and reconnect the battery cable. Perform road test.
- When removing column devices and steering wheel components, make sure every part is accounted for to avoid hassle during installation.
- Be careful when reinstalling parts to avoid damaging your steering wheel system.
- Make sure that all screws, nuts, and bolts are tightly wound to avoid losing parts and disrupting steering system function.