A Guide to Changing Your Car’s Damaged Steering Rack Bushing
The steering rack bushing acts as a barrier between the steering rack and other parts of the steering system, allowing you to turn left or right without any problems. Since you've probably taken more than a hundred turns throughout the entire lifetime of your car, it should no longer come as a surprise once this component breaks down due to excessive use. Unusual shuddering sounds and vibration are the most common symptoms of a damaged steering rack bushing. If you've been observing these warning signs from your vehicle, then you should examine the steering rack bushing and replace it as needed. Here's how:
Difficulty level: Difficult
What you will need:
- Floor jacks
- Jack stands
- Ratchet and socket set
- Pry bar
- Replacement steering rack bushing
- Penetrating spray
Step 1: Park your vehicle somewhere with an even flooring. This is to ensure your safety while you work on your car's steering system.
Step 2: Engage the parking brake and make sure that the car is in gear to prevent wheel movement. Doing this will make it easier for you to accomplish the rest of the steps.
Step 3: Using the floor jack, lift the front portion of your car. Raise it until you have plenty of space to comfortably crawl under, and make sure that the wheels are no longer on the ground. Support your vehicle using the jack stands.
Step 4: Take a look at the steering system and locate its skid plate. You need to carefully remove it from its mounting location.
Step 5: After you've successfully taken off the skid plate, you should now disconnect the sway bar from both sides of the vehicle.
Step 6: Loosen the long bolt that holds the steering rack and cross member together. Use the appropriate ratchet and socket types for this step. Keep in mind that you should only loosen the bolt, so don't remove it entirely!
Step 7: Once you have loosen all the bolts, you may now remove them one by one. Be careful not to lose any of these components since you'll be going to use them again later. Doing this step with the help of a friend is highly recommended; you may need someone to support the steering rack as you remove its mounting hardware.
Step 8: You should now be able to remove the passenger-side bracket and steering rack bushing. The bushing on this side is easier to remove, just take note of the bracket's orientation because this is exactly how you should reinstall it later.
Step 9: After you've gotten the passenger-side bushing out, have a friend shift the steering rack until the mount gets detached from the assembly.
Step 10: Using your mallet, strike the metal sleeves of the steering rack bushing until the bushing pops out of place.
Step 11: Now that you've successfully removed the damaged steering rack bushing from your vehicle, you should clean its mounting location first before installing its replacement.
Step 12: Put the replacement steering rack bushing on the same area where you removed the damaged one. You may need to strike it with a mallet as well to ensure that it's securely installed.
Step 13: Reinstall the other components that you removed from the steering system and make sure that you torque them according to the manufacturer-recommended specifications.
This entire replacement procedure may take three hours to finish. Always practice the proper safety precautions and don't hesitate to ask for a helping hand to make the steps easier for you to accomplish.