Wheel Stud 101
Have you ever wondered why your vehicle's wheels don't snap off when you're driving? Well, you should thank the wheel studs for keeping the wheels in proper position. Wheel studs are basically fasteners and they're somewhat attached to the wheel hub so that the wheels stay in place when they begin to rotate. In order to remove the wheels, lug nuts have to be loosened. Here is some basic information that you might want to look at if you're trying to find replacement wheel studs for your vehicle.
Advantages of wheel studs
- Vehicle manufacturers have opted to use wheel studs over bolts because their strength and clamping power.
- Better resistance to loosening.
- Easier to remove when installing new tires and wheels compared to bolts.
Types of wheel studs
- Screw-in wheel stud-This type of wheel stud can be easily screwed into any threaded bolt hole in the wheel hub. For this wheel stud to stabilize, its end can be either threaded or installed with a thread-locking fluid.
- Press-in wheel stud- This is installed behind the disk or drum hub. Because of this configuration, you have to remove the hub in order to remove or install this type of wheel hub. Press-in wheel hubs have a threaded part and that prevents them from moving out of place. In order to install press-in wheel studs, you need to use mechanical or hydraulic press.
Preferred wheel stud material
When buying replacement wheel studs, the most important thing that you have to consider is the materials used. Wheel studs that are made of high-quality steel are preferred by most people because of their toughness and durability. Also, choose only brands that you can trust such as Dorman, Crown, Omix, OES Genuine, Scan-Tech, and Mr. Gasket.
Choosing the right wheel stud for your vehicle shouldn't be a problem as long as you consider the factors stated above. They're actually pretty cheap components, and you won't have to spend over five dollars to get a new one.
How to Install a Wheel Stud
Corroded wheel studs can make changing a flat tire a pain in the neck. To make life easier, automotive experts recommend replacing heavily corroded wheel studs. The following steps will show you how to install new wheel studs.
Difficulty level: Moderate
Tools that you'll need:
- Floor jack
- Jack stands
- Socket set
- Rubber mallet
- Wheel studs
- Sandpaper or emory cloth* (optional)
- Anti-seize compound* (optional)
- Breaker bar* (optional)
Step 1: Loosen your lug nuts. If the lug nuts won't budge due to heavy corrosion, loosen them by force using your breaker bar. To prevent slips, which can damage your fender, use a wrench to push the bar down.
Step 2: Lift the vehicle using your floor jack and jack stands. Make sure the vehicle is secure before removing your wheel. Remember to work with one wheel at a time.
Step 3: Next, remove the brake caliper. This caliper is usually secured behind the rotor by a couple of large bolts.
Step 4: Remove your wheel hub. Study the placement of the wheel studs.
Step 5: Check the hub for corrosion. If there is rusting, use an emory cloth or sandpaper to remove any signs of rusting, particularly in the wheel center bore and the center hub. For added protection, you can use anti-seize compound on the wheel hub's protruded lip.
Step 6: Using a rubber mallet, tap each stud out of the wheel side of the hub. If the stud won't move, check the back of the hub for fasteners. Loosen these fasteners to allow the stud to fall out.
Step 7: Slide the new wheel studs in place. The base on each stud should be designed to clutch the hole. Tap each stud until securely in place. If you're having difficulties tapping them into place, you can use a press to install your wheel studs. Another technique is to use a lug nut. The lug nut will be used to tighten the stud until it is fixed inside the hole.
Step 8: Replace the hub and all other components that were removed.
Reminder:If you're having trouble locating or identifying your wheel parts, use the owner's manual or repair manual as a guide.