The throttle body is the device in your vehicle that opens and closes to regulate the amount of air entering the engine. When it gets dirty, clogged, or damaged, you will likely experience issues because the engine’s air/fuel mixture will get thrown off.
That’s why it’s helpful to know the bad throttle body symptoms that you need to watch out for.
What are the Signs of a Bad Throttle Body?
When the throttle body is not working properly, your car may stall, run rough, and/or lack power. Below is a detailed overview of the common throttle body symptoms.
The car’s primary computer, which is often referred to as the powertrain control module (PCM), expects to see a certain amount of airflow through the throttle body. When that doesn’t happen, because the throttle body is dirty or faulty, the engine may stall.
Problems with the throttle body can also cause an unstable idle. The PCM bases its idle calculations on a predetermined amount of airflow through the throttle body. When that predetermined value isn’t met, the engine may fail to idle properly.
A problem with the idle air control valve, which is usually mounted to the throttle body, can cause an unstable idle as well.
A faulty throttle body can disrupt the engine’s air/fuel mixture, resulting in misfiring and a rough running condition.
Illuminated engine light
When the control module detects a problem with the throttle body (or a problem caused by the throttle body), it will turn on the check engine light.
Reduced power warning message on the dash
When there’s a problem with the ETC system, some vehicles, particularly those made by General Motors, will display a “Reduced Power” warning message (or something similar) on the dash.
What Happens When You Have a Bad Throttle Body?
A bad throttle body can cause all of the problems mentioned above. What’s more, a failed throttle body can reduce fuel economy and even cause damage to other components—such as the catalytic converter—if left unaddressed.
It is important to note that a throttle body that’s acting up doesn’t always require replacement. What you’re experiencing could just be dirty throttle body symptoms brought about by the build-up of dirt and carbon deposits.
In such a scenario, cleaning the throttle body will restore proper operation.
Is it Safe to Drive with a Bad Throttle Body?
You might be wondering—is it safe to drive with a bad throttle body? The quick answer is no. Once it starts to show signs of going bad or being clogged, you should address the problem right away. Otherwise the vehicle may stall, creating a safety hazard.
What is a Throttle Body?
As was mentioned, the throttle body regulates the amount of air entering the engine. Inside the device, you’ll find a throttle plate (also known as a butterfly valve) that pivots to allow or obstruct airflow.
One or more throttle position (TP) sensors monitor the position of the throttle plate. The PCM uses data from the TP sensor when calculating fuel delivery.
There are two primary types of throttle bodies: mechanical and electronic.
- A mechanical throttle body connects to the accelerator pedal via a cable. When the driver pushes the pedal, the throttle plate opens a certain amount, thereby letting air into the engine. Most mechanical throttle bodies include a serviceable idle air control valve (IAC). To control idle speed, the IAC valve regulates the amount of air bypassing the throttle plate.
Most mechanical throttle bodies include a serviceable idle air control valve (IAC). To control idle speed, the IAC valve regulates the amount of air bypassing the throttle plate.
- Electronic throttle control (ETC) systems are found in most newer vehicles. An ETC system uses an electric motor to operate the throttle plate.
Instead of mechanical linkage connecting the accelerator pedal to the throttle body, there are accelerator pedal position (APP) sensors that monitor the position of the pedal. A control module (usually the PCM) uses the signals from the APP sensors, in conjunction with the data from the TP sensor (s), to determine control of the throttle body motor.
Typically, there is no idle air control valve (IAC) in an ETC system. Instead, the control module manages idle speed by adjusting the throttle opening.
Both types of throttle body assemblies (mechanical and electronic) are located between the engine air filter and intake manifold. Most cars use just one throttle body, though some engines (usually those with twin turbochargers) use two throttle bodies.
Educating yourself on the car throttle body symptoms outlined above will allow you to make informed decisions when it comes to repair—and that’ll help you keep your vehicle running better and longer.